They were one of the typical footwear of the Early Roman Empire.
4th Century campagi found in
Ballista or 'scorpio'
Torsion catapult, to attack or defend, and which was operated by several legionaries who were specialists in artillery.
Remains of a catapult found in Ampurias (Catalonia)
Detail of the burial monument of Caius Vedennius Moderatus, 1st Century
Scorpio from La Caridad, Caminreal (Teruel).
Photograph: Jorge Escudero
Scutums from the later period had a cylindrical or an oval shape. They were made up of wooden planks coated with leather, as well as metal edges and bands. They also had a metallic projection (umbo).
4th Century soldiers wearing round shields.
Mosaic from Villa del Casale, Piazza Armerina
Reconstruction of a campagi model found in CUIJK (Holland). We have also reconstructed the sandal from the same site.
Original remains of late footwear.
Reconstruction process of the Simancas knife
“Simancas” type of military knife. This reconstruction in particular has a horn handle and a decorated scabbard.
It is an armour of a late Roman officer. 2900 “scales” were needed to make it.
Reconstruction of a squamata
Part of the reconstructed squamata, next to photographs of archaeological discoveries
SIMANCAS knife (Fuentespreadas)
Reconstruction of a “Simancas” type of knife from the original found in Fuentespreadas (Zamora, Spain)
4th Century Simancas knife from Fuentespreadas. (Museo Arqueológico Nacional, Madrid)
Late Roman bits
Reconstruction of different kind of tips used by our late roman cavalry. For more information: click here
Reconstruction of authepsa. It is based on the authepsa found in AUGST. For more information: click here